Merida

Stamp Usage ½R 1R 2R 4R 8R Total
Of all not returned 5.62% 3.22% 1.95% 1.49% 1.38% 2.41%
Rank 4 10 11 8 11 10
Merida, un and dos reales.
Fifth period, consignment 18-1866
Sub-consignment 1866-10 and 30-1866 to Sisal.
Detail of cover.
Merida District Info
State City pop. District pop. Distance to Mexico City Sub-numbers overprinted? Survival rate
Yucatan 24000 80000 1500 km. (932 mi.) Yes Below average

Stamps from Merida appear to have had a very low survival rate. By looking at the number of stamps sent you might think they are rather common, but that is certainly not the case. This is especially true for the ½real stamps. High quality stamps are difficult to find, since most appear to be cut close on at least one side.

There has been much speculation about the reasons for this scarcity. It has been suggested that the climate is partly to blame it is hot and humid, providing ideal conditions for mold and rot. Another explanation could be that Merida is often hit by sudden storms, capsizing the small boats used for transporting mail to and from the sail ships.

In addition to the environmental conditions we must also remember that Merida was somewhat isolated from the rest of Mexico at the time. Stamps could have been lost or stolen in transit such that the quantity received is lower than the quantity sent. However, there are no records of such occurrences. Finally, due to the limited communication with other districts, we find very few covers destined for the large business centers in Mexico City, Veracruz or Puebla, for example.

One indication that stamps were lost or stolen can be found on a few stamps overprinted 98-1864. This is an invoice number from the first period, suggesting that the stamps were sent as a replacement for first period stamps for some unknown reason. First period stamps with invoice numbers are also found from Apam and Huejutla.

Merida did not overprint sub-consignment numbers until perhaps June 1866, a very short time before the Eagle stamps were replaced by the Maximilian issue. These stamps are very scarce.

Consignment totals
Period Year Month Day ½R 1R 2R 4R 8R
First       500 3000 3500 1000 200
Third       1000 2000 2500 500 200
Fourth       5000 9500 14000 700 500
Fifth       4000 10000 15000 2000 1000
Total sent       10500 24500 35000 4200 1900
Returned 1866 9 17 3500 1180 2558 1550 866
Returned 1866 10 4 11 392 315 231 87
Total       6989 22928 32127 2419 947

Merida Sub-offices

Merida had 6 sub-offices in the Eagle period:

Espita, Izamal (Yzamal), Maxcanu, Sisal, Tekax and Valladolid.